This is why photography is my passion. I started off trying different types of art, I realized I enjoyed the process of taking photos, and I decided to buy a camera.
To begin with, I always loved art and I always wanted to pursue it in some way. So during middle school and and my freshman year of high school, I took drawing classes. As they got more advanced I realized it wasn’t my thing. I decided to look into other forms of art like computer graphics. I enjoyed editing photos on the computer, but it still involved drawing.
My next step was taking photography 1 my sophomore year. I got a phone with a good camera, and I was on my way. I realized I really enjoyed taking film and digital photos. The process of working in a darkroom and developing film; although fun wasn’t my thing either. There were too many steps involved and you can ruin your film easily. When it came to digital photography, I had a lot of fun. All I had to do was adjust 3 different settings and I could get pretty decent pictures.
Lastly, when I realized I had a knack for photography ,I decided it was time that I bought myself an actual camera. The camera on my phone was decent but it couldn’t compete with a DSLR. I spent almost a year saving the little money I could get from my birthday, Christmas, and summer jobs to get enough for the camera I wanted. I went on amazon and it took about a week of looking to find the best deal on the camera I wanted. Once I found it for a good price and the accessories I wanted, I bought it. With that camera I’ve been able to take some pretty awesome pictures (although I might be biased).
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When someone makes a pinhole camera, there are 3 steps. Gathering all the materials, seal it from outside light, and make the pinhole shutter.
First, gather the materials. To make it one will need a standard sized shoebox, tape, black paint, a sewing needle, knife, and a spare piece of cardboard.
Next, seal the camera from outside light. Use the black paint and paint the entire inside of the shoe box and the inside of the lid of the shoe box. Then use the tape to seal any cracks of light coming from the corners of the shoe box. Take the knife and cut a square hole the size of a penny in the long side of the box in the middle to make the shutter opening. This will be covered when we make the shutter. This will ensure that no extra light in getting inside the camera and ruining the darkroom paper.
The last step is making the pinhole shutter and the flap that will cover it. Take the knife and cut off two squares of the extra cardboard approximately 2 inches in size. Poke a pin sized hole into one of them and position it so it’s inside the middle of the hole we put into the shoe box. Tape it to the inside of the shoe box and make sure the only light going into the shoebox is from the pinhole. Take the other square of cardboard and tape it to the shoebox so that it makes a flap that can cover the pinhole like a camera shutter.
Now that the camera is finished take the darkroom photo paper and tape it to the inside of the shoebox opposite to the pinhole. Take a picture by keeping it still and opening the flap for roughly 15-30 seconds.
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With the advent of the cell phone camera, photography has become a part of millions of American’s everyday life. People should invest in an actual camera instead of relying on their cellphones. Although convenient cellphones do not have the image quality, lens versatility, and manual control.
To Start, cameras have higher quality, they are designed to produce an image. The processing software on a smartphone isn’t as advanced. A real camera will also help quality, the lense on a camera has optical zoom versus a smartphone’s digital zoom. The smartphone is using software to zoom in the image which overall loses quality. Optical zoom magnifies the image using lenses and mirrors instead. Producing a better image.
Furthermore, DSLR cameras have lens versatility. You are able to find a specific lens for the type of pictures you want to take. For example, if you are taking landscape photos you might want to use a zoom lens. It will allow you to zoom in on certain parts of an area and crop the image to what what looks best. For portrait photography you could use a smaller lens that has a shallow depth of field. It makes your subject focused but the background blurry which is aesthetically pleasing for portrait photography. DSLR allows you to choose what lense you want to use.
Most importantly, cameras let you do infinitely more to an image. Many point and shoot cameras and DSLR cameras have a manual mode that let you control 3 different things. ISO which makes the picture more or less grainy, shutter speed which is how long the sensor is exposed to light, and aperture which open and close to control how much light is going into the sensor. Although smartphones are now adding manual features to their camera apps, it won’t ever come close to the preciseness of an actual camera.
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To begin, the first camera was based on the camera obscura. The camera obscura was created by Ibn al-Haytham 1040 AD. He observed that a small pinhole of light casted onto a dark wall will create an image of whatever is on the other side of the hole. The design for the camera was created by Johann Zahn in 1685. He based it around the camera obscura but smaller. However at the time there still wasn’t a method to permanently capture images. This problem was solved in 1839 by Joseph Niépce and Louis Daguerre. They placed a piece of pewter with chemicals on it into the camera and waited 8 hours for the chemicals to harden where the light hit it. He washed away the unhardened chemicals and what was left was an image of his backyard from the window of his studio.
Fast Forward to 1880. A group of scientists came up with the idea of recreating an image using photocells. This became the base research for digital photography.
Finally, in 1969 George Smith and Willard Boyle created the CCD. It took photons of light and turned them into pixels that are displayed on a screen. In 1971 Louis Lopes and Owen Thomas created the first digital camera patent as a gift to the United states government. Throughout the 1970’s scientists worked on making digital sensors smaller. Between 1973 and 1975 the CCD was produced by Fairchild Semiconductor and made commercially available. These smaller components started to be used in TV shows and movies. From then on many of the improvements to photography have been in improving quality and the size of digital sensors.
Due to these impactful advances in photography science has been able to continue improving photography and has lead to the cameras people see today.
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